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Plastic Injection Mold Process and Design Tips

Plastic Injection Molding has established a significant place in the manufacturing industry, mostly as plastic has emerged as the fastest growing material in use today. Plastic Injection mold design is a complicated part of Injection molding process and needs to be understood well in order to gain maximum benefits from Plastic, as properly designed plastic parts are fast replacing their metallic and wooden counterparts in almost all industrial and domestic machinery components.Over the years, it is apparent that many industries have taken notice of the advancements made when it comes to the plastic injected molding of products. Auto companies now use plastic for many of their auto parts, and the same goes for Medical Device Parts,Appliance Companies, Electronic Industry too.


Plastic Injection Molding Process: Plastic in the molten form is injected or forced by pressure into a die, known as mold, and held in the mold at a high pressure until the plastic solidifies. For reducing the time required to cool the plastic, cooling channels are provided. Water is circulated through these channels at a decided temperature, which is defined by the plastic resin being used, and the molding machine’s toggle unit provides the pressure needed to carry out the operation without any opening of mold halves.

The mold is split into two halves :Core and Cavity, sometimes more (Sliders and Angular ejectors or lifters), depending on the shape of component to be molded. This splitting provides a means of ejection of parts from mold after complete injection cycle and also facilitates in the easy machining and replication of shape of part. The More complex a part is, the more parting lines are needed to successfully eject it without damaging the part or the mold. If it has opening or bosses perpendicular to the opening direction of cavity and core, then we need to make use of sliders or angular ejectors (also called as lifters).

A mold designer has to be conversant with a number of important aspects about mold tooling and plastic resins. He needs to be able to clearly distinguish the type of resins or plastic material to use for a specific application and function. He needs to know which materials or alloys to use for making the core and cavity of the mold and which ones to use in the manufacturing of the other mold plates and standard parts such as ejector plates, ejector pins, sprue bush, knockout rods, support pins etc. Further, he needs to have basic understanding of injection molding machines, process, injection conditions and parameters, part design related aspects such as sink marks and weld lines. It usually takes years of experience to become a complete mold designer. Due to constant developments in
both, the engineering plastic resins and mold materials, he needs to keep himself updated with the latest trends and make use of them while actually designing the molds.

OK industry has served the injection molding industry for over 15 years and has a team dedicated to providing you with the most cost effective solutions for design and manufacturing plastic injection molded parts.For more information related to Plastic Injection Molding Design and Process Tips, Please visit us at:okmolding.com or via info@okmolding.com.

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